045653 AKTER S, SABUJ A A M, HAQUE Z F, RAHMAN M T, KAFI M A, SAHA S (Microbiology and Hygiene Dep, Bangladesh Agricultural Univ, Mymensingh- 2202, Bangladesh, Email: email@example.com) : Detection of antibiotic-resistant bacteria and their resistance genes from houseflies. Vet World 2020, 13(2), 266-74.
Houseflies (Musca domestica) are synanthropic insects which serve as biological or mechanical vectors for spreading multidrug-resistant bacteria responsible for many infectious diseases. This study aimed to detect antibiotic-resistant bacteria from houseflies, and to examine their resistance genes. A total of 140 houseflies were captured using sterile nylon net from seven places of Mymensingh city, Bangladesh. Immediately after collection, flies were transferred to a sterile zipper bag and brought to microbiology laboratory within 1 h. Three bacterial species were isolated from houseflies, based on cultural and molecular tests. After that, the isolates were subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing against commonly used antibiotics, by the disk diffusion method. Finally, the detection of antibiotic resistance genes tetA, tetB, mcr-3, mecA, and mecC was performed by a polymerase chain reaction. The most common isolates were Staphylococcus aureus (78.6 %), Salmonella spp., (66.4 %), and Escherichia coli (51.4 %). These species of bacteria were recovered from 78.3 % of isolates from the Mymensingh Medical College Hospital areas. Most of the isolates of the three bacterial species were resistant to erythromycin, tetracycline, penicillin and amoxicillin and were sensitive to ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, and azithromycin. Five antibiotic resistance genes of three bacteria were detected: tetA, tetB, mcr-3, and mecA were found in 37 %, 20 %, 20 %, and 14 % isolates, respectively, and no isolates were positive for mecC gene. S. aureus, Salmonella spp., and E. coli with genetically-mediated multiple antibiotic resistance are carried in houseflies in the Mymensingh region. Flies may, therefore, represent an important means of transmission of these antibioticresistant bacteria, with consequent risks to human and animal health.
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