Subrahmanya C R;Prasad P;Girish B S; Somashekar R;Manoharan P K;Mittal A K

**017489** Subrahmanya C R;Prasad P;Girish B S; Somashekar R;Manoharan P K;Mittal A K (NO, Raman Research Institute, C.V. Raman Avenue, Sadashivnagar, Bengaluru-560 080, Email: mano@ncra.tifr.res.in) : **Receiver system for the ooty wide field array.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-6.

The legacy Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) is being reconfigured as a 264-element synthesis telescope, called the Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA). Its antenna elements are the contiguous 1.92 m sections of the parabolic cylinder. It will operate in a 38-MHz frequency band centred at 326.5 MHz and will be equipped with a digital receiver including a 264-element spectral correlator with a - 47 - spectral resolution of 48 kHz. OWFA is designed to retain the benefits of equatorial mount, continuous 9-hour tracking ability and large collecting area of the legacy telescope and use of modern digital techniques to enhance the instantaneous field-of-view by more than an order of magnitude. OWFA has unique advantages for contemporary investigations related to large scale structure, transient events and space weather watch. In this paper, we describe the RF subsystems, digitizers and fibre optic communication of OWFA and highlight some specific aspects of the system relevant for the observations planned during the initial operation.

^iia5 illus, 1 table, 7 ref

Subrahmanya C R;Manoharan P K;Chengalur J N

**017488** Subrahmanya C R;Manoharan P K;Chengalur J N (NO, Raman Research Institute, C. V. Raman Avenue, Sadashivnagar, Bengaluru-560 080, Email: chengalu@ncra.tifr.res.in) : **Ooty wide field array.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-5.

Authors describe here an ongoing upgrade to the legacy Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT). The ORT is a cylindrical parabolic cylinder 530 m x 30 m in size operating at a frequency of 326.5 (or z

^iia2 illus, 1 table, 34 ref

Shukla A;Pandey A K;Pathak A

**017487** Shukla A;Pandey A K;Pathak A (NO, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, A-10, Sector 62, Noida-201 307, Email: abhishek.shukla@mail.jiit.ac.in) : **Benford's distribution in extrasolar world: Do the exoplanets follow benford's distribution?.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-7.

In - 46 - many real life situations, it is observed that the first digits (i.e., 1,2, ..., 9) of a numerical data-set, which is expressed using decimal system, do not follow a uniform distribution. In fact, the probability of occurrence of these digits decreases in an almost exponential fashion starting from 30.1 % for 1 to 4.6 % for 9. Specifically, smaller numbers are favoured by nature in accordance with a logarithmic distribution law, which is referred to as Benford's law. The existence and applicability of this empirical law have been extensively studied by physicists, accountants, computer scientists, mathematicians, statisticians, etc., and it has been observed that a large number of data-sets related to diverse problems follow this distribution. However, except two recent works related to astronomy, applicability of Benford's law has not been tested for extrasolar objects. Motivated by this fact, this paper investigates the existence of Benford's distribution in the extrasolar world using Kepler data for exoplanets. The quantitative investigations have revealed the presence of Benford's distribution in various physical properties of these exoplanets. Further, some specific comments have been made on the possible generalizations of the obtained results, its potential applications in analysing the data-set of candidate exoplanets.

3 illus, 31 ref

Sarkar A K;Bharadwaj S;Ali S K S

**017486** Sarkar A K;Bharadwaj S;Ali S K S (Centre for Theoretical Studies, India Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur-721 302, Email: anjan@cts.iitkgp.ernet.in) : **Fisher matrix-based predictions for measuring the z = 3.35 binned 21-cm power spectrum using the ooty wide field array (owfa).** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-10.

Authors use the Fisher matrix formalism to predict the prospects of measuring the redshifted 21-cm power spectrum in different k-bins using observations with the upcoming Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA) which will operate at 326.5 MHz. This corresponds to neutral hydrogen (HI) at z = 3.35, and a measurement of the 21-cm power spectrum provides a unique method to probe the large-scale structures at this redshift. Our analysis indicates that a 5σ detection of the binned power spectrum is possible in the k range 0.05 ≤ k ≤ 0.3 Mpc^{-1} with 1000 hours of observation. We find that the signal- to-noise ratio (SNR) peaks in the k range 0.1-0.2 Mpc^{-1} where a 10σ detection is possible with 2000 hours of observations. Our analysis also indicates that it is not very advantageous to observe beyond 1000 h in a single field-of-view as the SNR increases rather slowly beyond this in many of the small k-bins. The entire analysis reported here assumes that the foregrounds have been completely removed.

^iia5 illus, 73 ref

Paul K T;Shruthi S B;Subramaniam A

**017485** Paul K T;Shruthi S B;Subramaniam A (Physics Dep, Christ Univ, Bangalore-560 029, Email: paul.kt@christuniversity.in) : **Short-term Hα line variations in classical be stars : 59 cyg and OT gem.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-10.

Authors present the optical spectroscopic study of two classical Be stars, 59 Cyg and OT Gem obtained over a period of few months in 2009. We detected a rare triple-peak Hα emission phase in 59 Cyg and a rapid decrease in the emission strength of Hα in OT Gem, which are used to understand their circumstellar disks. We find that 59 Cyg is likely to be rapid rotator, rotating at a fractional critical rotation of _{d}/R *

3 illus, 8 tables, 41 ref

Pandey K K;Hiremath K M;Yellaiah G

**017484** Pandey K K;Hiremath K M;Yellaiah G (Astronomy Dep, Osmania Univ, Hyderabad-500 007, Email: pandeyou@yahoo.co.in) : **Lowering of asymmetry.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-9.

Asymmetry, a well established fact, can be extracted from various solar atmospheric activity indices. Although asymmetry is being localized within short time scale, it also persists at different time scales. In the present study we examine the character and nature of asymmetry at various time scales by optimizing the data set, in units of Carrington Rotations (CRs), for Sunspot Area (SA) and soft X-ray flare index (FI_{SXR}). We find from three solar cycles (21-23) that at a small time scale (viz., daily, CRs and monthly) activity appears to be asymmetric with less significance. At larger time scales (≥01 CRs) strength of asymmetry enhances. Number of significant asymmetry points probably depends upon the solar heights. For different combination of data, asymmetry strength appears to be lowered at certain periods

5 illus, 3 tables, 33 ref

Marthi V R

**017483** Marthi V R (National Centre for Radio Astrophysics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Post Bag 3, Ganeshkhind, Pune-411 007, Email: vrmarthi@ncra.tifr.res.in) : **Prowess - a software model for the ooty wide field array.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-12.

One of the scientific objectives of the Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA) is to observe the redshifted Hi emission from z

^iia11 illus, 30 ref

Manoharan P K;Subrahmanya C R;Chengalur J N

**017482** Manoharan P K;Subrahmanya C R;Chengalur J N (NO, Radio Astronomy Centre, NCRA-TIFR, P.O. Box 8, Ooty-643 001, Email: mano@ncra.tifr.res.in) : **Space weather and solar wind studies with OWFA.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-8.

In this paper, we review the results of interplanetary scintillation (IPS) observations made with the legacy system of the Ooty Radio Telescope (ORT) and compare them with the possibilities opened by the upgraded ORT, the Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA). The stability and the sensitivity of the legacy system of ORT allowed the regular monitoring of IPS on a grid of large number of radio sources and the results of these studies have been useful to understand the physical processes in the heliosphere and space weather events, such as coronal mass ejections, interaction regions and their propagation effects. In the case of OWFA, its wide bandwidth of 38 MHz, the large - 44 - field-of-view of

^iia2 illus, 32 ref

Maghrabi A;Alanazi M;Aldosari A;Almuteri M

**017481** Maghrabi A;Alanazi M;Aldosari A;Almuteri M (National Centre for Applied Physics, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Riyadh 11442, Saudi Arabia, Email: amaghrabi@kacst.edu.sa ) : **Preliminary results of high-energy cosmic ray muons as observed by a small multiwire detector operated at high cutoff rigidity.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-11.

Solar disturbances modulate primary cosmic rays on different time scales. Studying cosmic ray variation is an important subject that attracts scientists from different disciplines. We have constructed and installed (in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Rc =14.4 GV) a three-layer small (20 x 20 cm^{2}) MultiWire Chamber (MWC) telescope to study cosmic ray variations and investigate their influence on various atmospheric and environmental processes. Preliminary results obtained from the developed detector are given. The influence of both atmospheric pressure and temperature was studied. Both the temperature and pressure coefficients were calculated and were consistent with those previously obtained. Short-term cosmic ray periodicities, such as the 27-day period, and its two harmonics, have been identified. Sporadic variations caused by some solar activity processes have been inspected. The obtained results from this detector have been compared to the existing 1 m^{2} scintillator detector, as well as to some of the neutron monitors, showing comparable results.

7 illus, 34 ref

Lahkar N;Kalita S;Duorah H L;Duorah K

**017480** Lahkar N;Kalita S;Duorah H L;Duorah K (Physics Dep, Gauhati Univ, Guwahati-781 014, Email: nanditalahkar1@gmail.com) : **Abundances of La<.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-9.

Yields of nature's rarest isotopes La^{138} and Ta^{180} are calculated by neutrino processes in the Ne-shell of density ≈ 10^{4} g/cc in a type II supernova (SN II) progenitor of mass 20 M Mcircumpunet. Two extended sets of neutrino temperature - T_{ve} = 3, 4, 5, 6 MeV and T_{v(μ/τ)}= 4, 6, 8, 10, 12 MeV respectively for charged and neutral current processes are taken. Solar mass fractions of the seeds La^{139}, Ta^{181}, Ba^{138} and Hf^{180} are taken for calculation. They are assumed to be produced in some s-processing events of earlier generation massive 'seed stars' with average interior density - 43 - range ρ≈10^{3}-10^{6} g/cc. The abundances of these two elements are calculated relative to O^{16} and are found to be sensitive to the neutrino temperature. For neutral current processes with the neutron emission branching ratio, b_{n} = 3.81 x 10^{-4} and b_{n} = 9.61 x 10^{-1}, the relative abundances of La^{138} lie in the ranges 4.48 x 10^{-14}-2.94 x 10^{-13} and 1.13 x 10^{-10}-7.43 x 10^{-10} respectively. Similarly, the relative abundances of Ta^{180} lie in the ranges 1.80 x 10^{-15}-1.17 x 10^{-14} and 4.53 x 10^{-12}-2.96 x 10^{-11} respectively for the lower and higher values of the neutron emission branching ratio. For charged current processes, the relative abundances of La^{138} and Ta^{180} are found to be in the ranges 1.38 x 10^{-9}-7.62 x 10^{-9} and 2.09 x 10^{-11}-1.10 x 10^{-10} respectively. Parametrized by density of the 'seed stars', the yields are found to be consistent with recent supernova simulation results throughout the range of neutrino temperatures. La^{138} and Ta^{180} are found to be efficiently produced in charged current interaction.

4 illus, 2 tables, 20 ref

Khanjer E F;Abdullha W

**017479** Khanjer E F;Abdullha W (Astronomy and space Dep, College of sciences, Baghdad Univ, Baghdad, Iraq) : **Using inverse distance weighting interpolation method to prepare maps of radon concentrations distribution in Wasit province.** Int J Sci Nat 2017, 8(2), 390-7.

Radon is a natural radioactive gas without adour, color or taste. It cannot be detected without special equipment. Radon occurs as a product of uranium decay. Uranium is a natural radioactive material found in varying amounts in all rocks, soil, concrete and bricks. In this study, all the location we decided to take measurement in it's from GPS device and Map of Waist Governorate. The Radon gas concentrations were measured for pollutants environment within Wasit Governorate (Air dust, water and soil) using Rad-7device. The work consist of three parts, the first part of it includes the determination of Rn222 gas concentrations in air dust samples. The second part includes the same measurement for Rn222 gas concentrations in a water samples from the same selected regions in Wasit. The third part includes the determination of Rn222 gas concentrations in soil samples to the same regions in Wasit. All this measurements we was used to prepare maps for distribution of Radon concentration in air, water and soil in Wasit Governorate using Arc-GIS system and Landsat satellite image of Wasit city, then we was apply interpolation techniques use the available radon data in known locations to estimate the radon data for unmeasured area which will help to render an effective plan to mitigate the radon concentrations in Baghdad Governorate.

17 illus, 7 tables, 8 ref

Khanger E F;Ghazal N K;Al-Razak BA

**017478** Khanger E F;Ghazal N K;Al-Razak BA (Astronomy and Space Dep, College of Science, Baghdad Univ, Baghdad, Iraq) : **Prepare maps of ozone pollution in Baghdad city using arc - gis techniques.** Int J Sci Nat 2017, 8(2), 202-8.

The layer surrounding the earth's surface is the troposphere. Here, ground-level or "bad" ozone is an air pollutant - 42 - that damages human health, vegetation, and many common materials. This study was carried out the ozone pollution in Baghdad city and determined the distribution of it by using data collection in 14th in March 2016. The ozone concentration ranges from 115 ppb 11 ppb. In this study, the general and dujustive Kriging techniques of interpolation applied for Ozone concentration. To decide the dependability of the maps estimate, likelihood and standard errors are calculated using Gaussian geostatistical simulation. Analytical determination and classification of air pollutant concentration of Ozone in Baghdad city was analysed. The experimental data analysis, semi variogram and variogram models appropriate, and generation air pollution of ozone concentration and estimate maps in Baghdad are expert through use of ArcGIS software. This program was used to prepare distribution maps of ozone pollution in Baghdad city. Color gradients are used to indicate pollutants concentrations dispersion in the study area.

11 illus, 9 ref

Gehlot B K;Bagla J S

**017477** Gehlot B K;Bagla J S (Kapteyn Astronomical Institute, Groningen Univ, The Netherlands, Email: jasjeet@iisermohali.ac.in) : **Prospects of detecting HI using redshifted 21-cm radiation at z <126>** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-9.

Distribution of cold gas in the post-reionization era provides an important link between distribution of galaxies and the process of star formation. Redshifted 21-cm radiation from the hyperfine transition of neutral hydrogen allows us to probe the neutral component of cold gas, most of which is to be found in the interstellar medium of galaxies. Existing and upcoming radio telescopes can probe the large scale distribution of neutral hydrogen via HI intensity mapping. In this paper, we use an estimate of the HI power spectrum derived using an ansatz to compute the expected signal from the large scale HI distribution at z

^iia6 illus, 1 table, 57 ref

Ershkov S V

**017476** Ershkov S V (Sternberg Astronomical Institute, M.V. Lomonosov's Moscow State Univ, 13 Universitetskij Prospect, Moscow 119992, Russia, Email: sergej-ershkov@yandex.ru) : **Forbidden zones for circular regular orbits of the moons in solar system, R3BP.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-4.

Previously, we have considered the equations of motion of the three-body problem in a Lagrange form (which means a - 41 - consideration of relative motions of 3-bodies in regard to each other). Analysing such a system of equations, we considered the case of small-body motion of negligible mass m_{3} around the second of two giant-bodies m_{1}, m_{2} (which are rotating around their common centre of masses on Kepler's trajectories), the mass of which is assumed to be less than the mass of central body. In the current development, we have derived a key parameter η that determines the character of quasi-circular motion of the small third body m 3 relative to the second body m_{2} (planet). Namely, by making several approximations in the equations of motion of the three-body problem, such the system could be reduced to the key governing Riccati-type ordinary differential equations. Under assumptions of R3BP (restricted three-body problem), we additionally note that Riccati-type ODEs above should have the invariant form if the key governing (dimensionless) parameter η remains in the range 10^{-2} Open image in new window 10^{-3}. Such an amazing fact let us evaluate the forbidden zones for Moon's orbits in the inner solar system or the zones of distances (between Moon and Planet) for which the motion of small body could be predicted to be unstable according to basic features of the solutions of Riccati-type.

1 table, 11 ref

Chatterjee S;Bharadwaj S;Marthi V R

**017475** Chatterjee S;Bharadwaj S;Marthi V R (Physics Dep, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur-721 302, Email: suman05@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in) : **Simulating the z = 3.35 HI 21-cm visibility signal for the ooty wide field array (OWFA).** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-13.

The upcoming Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA) will operate at 326.5 MHz which corresponds to the redshifted 21-cm signal from neutral hydrogen (HI) at z = 3.35. We present two different prescriptions to simulate this signal and calculate the visibilities expected in radio-interferometric observations with OWFA. In the first method we use an input model for the expected 21-cm power spectrum to directly simulate different random realizations of the brightness temperature fluctuations and calculate the visibilities. This method, which models the HI signal entirely as a diffuse radiation, is completely oblivious to the discrete nature of the astrophysical sources which host the HI. While each discrete source subtends an angle that is much smaller than the angular resolution of OWFA, the velocity structure of the HI inside the individual sources is well within the reach of OWFA's frequency resolution and this is expected to have an impact on the observed HI signal. The second prescription is based on cosmological N-body simulations. Here we identify each simulation particle with a source that hosts the HI, and we have the freedom to implement any desired line profile for the HI emission from the individual sources. Implementing a simple model for the line profile, we have generated several random realizations of the complex visibilities. Correlations between the visibilities measured at different baselines and channels provides an unique method to quantify the statistical properties of the HI signal. We have used this to quantify the results of our simulations, and explore the relation between the expected visibility correlations and the underlying HI power spectrum.

^iia10 illus, 56 ref

Bhattacharyya S;Bera A;Bharadwaj S;Ramesh Bhat N D;Chengalur J N

**017474** Bhattacharyya S;Bera A;Bharadwaj S;Ramesh Bhat N D;Chengalur J N (Physics Dep, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur-721 302, Email: siddhartha@phy.iitkgp.ernet.in) : **FRB event rate predictions for the ooty wide field array.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-10.

Authors developed a generic formalism to estimate the event rate and the redshift distribution of Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs) in our previous publication (Bera et al. 2016), considering FRBs are of an extragalactic origin. In this paper, we present (a) the predicted pulse widths of FRBs by considering two different scattering models, (b) the minimum total energy required to detect events, (c) the redshift distribution and (d) the detection rates of FRBs for the - 40 - Ooty Wide Field Array (OWFA). The energy spectrum of FRBs is modelled as a power law with an exponent -α and our analysis spans a range -3≤ α ≤ 5. We find that OWFA will be capable of detecting FRBs with α ≥ 0. The redshift distribution and the event rates of FRBs are estimated by assuming two different energy distribution functions; a Delta function and a Schechter luminosity function with an exponent -2≤ y ≤2. We consider an empirical scattering model based on pulsar observations (model I) as well as a theoretical model (model II) expected for the intergalactic medium. The redshift distributions peak at a particular redshift z_{p} for a fixed value of α, which lie in the range 0.3≤ z_{p} ≤ 1 for the scattering model I and remain flat and extend up to high redshifts (z≤5) for the scattering model II.

^iia7 illus, 2 tables, 19 ref

Bagheri Z;Davoudifar P;Rastegarzadeh G;Shayan M

**017473** Bagheri Z;Davoudifar P;Rastegarzadeh G;Shayan M (NO, Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maraghe, Maraghe, Iran, Email: bagheri.zahra87@gmail.com) : **Application of CORSIKa simulation code to study lateral and longitudinal distribution of fluorescence light in cosmic ray extensive air showers.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-8.

In this paper, we used CORSIKA code to understand the characteristics of cosmic ray induced showers at extremely high energy as a function of energy, detector distance to shower axis, number, and density of secondary charged particles and the nature particle producing the shower. Based on the standard properties of the atmosphere, lateral and longitudinal development of the shower for photons and electrons has been investigated. Fluorescent light has been collected by the detector for protons, helium, oxygen, silicon, calcium and iron primary cosmic rays in different energies. So we have obtained a number of electrons per unit area, distance to the shower axis, shape function of particles density, percentage of fluorescent light, lateral distribution of energy dissipated in the atmosphere and visual field angle of detector as well as size of the shower image. We have also shown that location of highest percentage of fluorescence light is directly proportional to atomic number of elements. Also we have shown when the distance from shower axis increases and the shape function of particles density decreases severely. At the first stages of development, shower axis distance from detector is high and visual field angle is small; then with shower moving toward the Earth, angle increases. Overall, in higher energies, the fluorescent light method has more efficiency. The paper provides standard calibration lines for high energy showers which can be used to determine the nature of the particles.

4 illus, 1 table, 10 ref

Agrawal P K;Pawar D D

**017472** Agrawal P K;Pawar D D (School of Mathematical Sciences, Swami Ramanand Teerth Marathwada Univ, Nanded-431 606, Email: agrawalpoonam299@gmail.com) : **Plane symmetric cosmological model with quark and strange quark matter in f(R, T) theory of gravity.** J Astrophys Astr 2017, 38(1), 1-7.

We studied plane symmetric cosmological model in the presence of quark and strange quark matter with the help of f(R, T) theory. To decipher solutions of plane symmetric space-time, we used power law relation between scale factor and deceleration parameter. We considered the special law of variation of Hubble's parameter proposed by Berman (Nuovo Cimento B74, 182, 1983) which yields constant deceleration parameter. We also discussed the physical behavior of the solutions by using some physical parameters.

3 illus, 39 ref

Sharma S K;Ojha S N;Neeraj Kumar

**016523** Sharma S K;Ojha S N;Neeraj Kumar (Physics Dep, S.S.V. College, Hapur-245 101, Email: subodhphysicsccs@gmail.com) : **Evolution of flare generated magnetohydrodynamic shock in solar wind.** Ultra Scient phys Sci-Sect B 2016, 28(5-7), 127-33.

A self-similar spherically symmetric model is constructed to describe a blast wave in the solar wind produced by a solar flare. The shock wave is assumed to advance into a conducting gas streaming with a constant velocity ahead of the shock. Numerical solutions are obtained for the distribution of flow variables within the shocked gas for the special choice of parameters and for uniform and non-uniform distribution of density in ambient solar atmosphere. In particular, the time of transit of the shock at the earth's orbit is calculated. It is observed that the streaming ambient solar atmosphere reducesvariations in flow variables in crossing the shock at earth's orbit.

4 illus, 23 ref

Jayalekshmi G L;Prince P R

**016522** Jayalekshmi G L;Prince P R (Physics Dep, College Univ, Thiruvananthapuram, Email: princerprasad@gmail.com) : **Solar activity related periodicities in sea surface temperature.** Ultra Scient phys Sci-Sect B 2016, 28(5-7), 134-41.

Sun is a variable star showing a great variety of non-stationary active processes. Such non-stationary and non-equilibrium processes (solar activity) can lead to sporadic acceleration of energetic particles with greatly enhanced flux (solar wind). These processes modify the radiation environment of Earth and cause strong geomagnetic storms through coupling of solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere. This may lead to aurorae and large electric currents that can disrupt communication, power grids and satellite navigation. During active times, Sun's energy output is irregular and highly explosive. Earth's climate is also influenced by solar activity variations. Sea surface temperature is a well known parameter relating to climate change. It can influence air on the near shore atmosphere and its variations can modify Earth's climatein a highly complex way. Present study analyzes sea surface temperature and solar activity variations, in order to find out the presence of solar activity related periodicities in sea surface temperature.Wavelet analysis of global, northern and southern sea surface temperature time series and various solar activity indices were carried out. Major long-term periodicity found common in global, northern and southern sea surface temperature is 17.9 years. Southern hemisphere sea surface temperature variation is shown mainly to follow variations in sunspot activity. However, global sea surface temperature and northern hemisphere sea surface temperature variations are more influenced by asymmetry in the polar magnetic field of the Sun.

3 illus, 1 table, 21 ref

Mathew K;Arya A S;Seth H;Moorthi S M;Babu P N

**015556** Mathew K;Arya A S;Seth H;Moorthi S M;Babu P N (Space Applications Center, India Space Organisation, Ahmedabad-380 015, Email: kurian_mathew@sac.isro.gov.in) : **Correction of mars colour camera images for identification of spectral classes.** Curr Sci 2017, 112(6), 1158-64.

Mars Colour Camera on-board the Mars Orbital Mission makes use of a Bayer pattern detector. Spectral response of RGB (red, green and blue) pixels of Bayer detector shows large overlap which reduces the spectral information content of the image. In the present paper, a simple method is suggested to correct the data for spectral overlap. It is shown that correction process significantly increases the spectral information content of the image and enhances the ability of the sensor to identify different target types like dust clouds and water ice clouds.

11 illus, 2 tables, 14 ref

Sreejith K M;Agarwal R;Rajawat A S

**006305** Sreejith K M;Agarwal R;Rajawat A S (Space Applications Center, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO), Ahmedabad-380 015, Email: asrajawat@sac.isro.gov.in) : **Crustal deformation studies using synthetic aperture inteferometry.** Proc Indian Natn Sci Acad 2016, 82(3), 737-46.

Satellite based Synthetic Aperture Radar interferometry (InSAR) is a well known remote sensing technique to generate digital elevation models of meter-scale accuracy. The technique also enables to measure ground deformation with subcentimeter level accuracy at a spatial resolution of few meters covering on large areas. In this article we review recent studies from India on crustal deformation related to earthquakes using InSAR technique. We also briefly discuss limitations and recent technological advances of this technique with a future perspective.

9 illus, 40 ref

Chauhan P;Bhardwaj A;Senthil Kumar P;Kaur P; Bhandari N

**006304** Chauhan P;Bhardwaj A;Senthil Kumar P;Kaur P; Bhandari N (NO, Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad, Email: prakash@sac.isro.gov.in) : **Understanding our celestial neighbours: an Indian perspective in planetary sciences and exploration.** Proc Indian Natn Sci Acad 2016, 82(3), 403-23.

The planetary exploration program of the Indian Space Research Organization is described. The important results obtained from the two successful missions, Mars orbiter Mission (2014) and the earlier Chandrayaan-1 mission (2008-9) to moon are summarized. High-resolution maps of Valles Marineris enabled several surface, aqueous and atmospheric features to be delineated and the highly elliptical orbit of MOM enabled imaging of the surface of the farther side of Deimos as well as study of Mars exospheric constituents. The results from Chandrayaan-1 mission changed many lunar concepts e.g. from dry, passive and inactive to moon to wet, tectonically and volcanically active moon. Some recent results based on the space borne and laboratory based study of Titan, Pluto, Comets and meteorites coming from Mars and Vesta are summarized. The future planetary exploration plans, such as Chandrayaan-2 and second Mars mission are briefly mentioned.

20 illus, 1 table, 96 ref

Sarbadhikari A B;Marhas K K;Sameer;Goswami J N

**002151** Sarbadhikari A B;Marhas K K;Sameer;Goswami J N (NO, Physical Research Lab, Ahmedabad-380 009, Email: goswami@prl.res.in) : **Water in the lunar interior.** Curr Sci 2016, 110(8), 1536-9.

Presence and distribution of water and other volatiles in the lunar interior could have played a key role in the early evolution of the Moon. We report abundance of water along with F and Cl, in apatite present in the Apollo 15 lunar basalt 15555, considered to be the primitive end member of the low-Ti mare basalt suite. Apatites are rare in this basalt and are devoid of significant spatial variation in volatile content. Considering a late-stage crystallization of apatite, we infer 100-160 ppm water, 80-90 ppm fluorine and 10-20 ppm chlorine in the parent magma of 15555. The inferred water content is much lower than that reported for the parent magma of lunar volcanic glasses, as well as in melt inclusions trapped within the glasses that sampled much deeper regions of Moon. This difference suggests a non-uniform distribution of water and other volatiles in lunar mantle source regions, that could have significantly influenced early thermo-chemical evolution of the Moon.

2 illus, 23 ref

Zakharov A F

**020380** Zakharov A F (National Astronomical Observatories of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Datun Road 20A, Beijing, 100 012 China, Email: alex_f_zakharov5@mail.ru) : **Possible alternatives to the supermassive black hole at the galactic center.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 539-53.

Now there are two basic observational techniques to investigate a gravitational potential at the Galactic Center, namely, (a) monitoring the orbits of bright stars near the Galactic Center to reconstruct a gravitational potential; (b) measuring the size and shape of shadows around black hole giving an alternative possibility to evaluate black hole parameters in mm-band with VLBI-technique. At the moment, one can use a small relativistic correction approach for stellar orbit analysis (however, in the future the approximation will not be precise enough due to enormous progress of observational facilities) while for smallest structure analysis in VLBI observations one really needs a strong gravitational field approximation. We discuss results of observations, their conventional interpretations, tensions between observations and models and possible hints for a new physics from the observational data and tensions between observations and interpretations. We discuss an opportunity to use a Schwarzschild metric for data interpretation or we have to use more exotic models such as Reissner-Nordstrom or Schwarzschild-de-Sitter metrics for better fits.

3 illus, 133 ref

Yeghiazaryan A A;Nazaryan T A;Hakobyan A A

**020379** Yeghiazaryan A A;Nazaryan T A;Hakobyan A A (NO, , Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, 0213 Byurakan, Aragatsotn Province, Armenia, Email: nazaryan@bao.sci.am) : **Hα velocity fields and galaxy interaction in the quartet of galxies NGC 7769, 7770, 7771 and 7771A.** J Astrophys Astr 2016, 37(1), 1-10.

The quartet of galaxies NGC 7769, 7770, 7771 and 7771A is a system of interacting galaxies. Close interaction between galaxies caused characteristic morphological features: tidal arms and bars, as well as an induced star formation. In this study, we performed the Fabry-Perot scanning interferometry of the system in Ha line and studied the velocity fields of the galaxies. We found that the rotation curve of NGC 7769 is weakly distorted. The rotation curve of NGC 7771 is strongly distorted with the tidal arms caused by direct flyby of NGC 7769 and flyby of a smaller neighbor NGC 7770. The rotation curve of NGC 7770 is significantly skewed because of the interaction with the much massive NGC 7771. The rotation curves and morphological disturbances suggest that the NGC 7769 and NGC 7771 have passed the first pericenter stage, however, probably the second encounter has not happened yet. Profiles of surface brightness of NGC 7769 have a characteristic break, and profiles of color indices have a minimum at a radius of intensive star formation induced by the interaction with NGC 7771.

5 illus, 2 tables, 28 ref

Vujcic V;Jevremovic D;Mihajlov A A;Ignjatovic L M;Sreckovic V A;Dimitrijevic M S;Malovic M

**020378** Vujcic V;Jevremovic D;Mihajlov A A;Ignjatovic L M;Sreckovic V A;Dimitrijevic M S;Malovic M (Faculty of Organizational Sciences, Univ of Belgrade and Astronomical Observatory, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade 74, Serbia, Email: veljko@aob.rs) : **MOL-D: A Collisional database and web service within the virtual atomic and molecular data center.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 693-703.

MOL-D database is a collection of cross-sections and rate coefficients for specific collisional processes and a web service within the Serbian Virtual Observatory (SerVO) and the Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Center (VAMDC). This database contains photo-dissociation cross-sections for the individual ro-vibrational states of the diatomic molecular ions and rate coefficients for the atom-Rydberg atom chemi-ionization and inverse electron-ion-atom chemi-recombination processes. At the moment it contains data for photodissociation cross-sections of hydrogen H_{2}^{+} and helium He_{2}^{+} molecular ions and the corresponding averaged thermal photodissociation cross-sections. The ro-vibrational energy states and the corresponding dipole matrix elements are provided as well. Hydrogen and helium molecular ion data are important for calculation of solar and stellar atmosphere models and for radiative transport, as well as for kinetics of other astrophysical and laboratory plasma (i.e. early Universe).

^iia5 illus, 21 ref

Tavabi E;Ajabshirizadeh A;Maralani A R A; Zeighami S

**020377** Tavabi E;Ajabshirizadeh A;Maralani A R A; Zeighami S (Physics Dep, Payame Noor Univ (PNU), 19395-3697-Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, Email: tavabi@iap.fr) : **Spicules intenstity oscillations in SOT/HINODE observations.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(2), 307-23.

Study the coherency of solar spicules intensity oscillations with increasing height above the solar limb in quiet Sun, active Sun and active region using observations from HINODE/SOT. Existence of coherency up to transition region strengthens the theory of the coronal heating and solar wind, through energy transport and photospheric oscillations. Methods. Using time sequences from the HINODE/SOT in Ca II H line, we investigate oscillations found in intensity profiles at different heights above the solar limb. We use the Fourier and wavelet analysis to measure dominant frequency peaks of intensity at the heights, and phase difference between oscillations at two certain heights, to find evidence for the coherency of the oscillations. The results of fast Fourier transform. (FFT) for the quiet Sun, active Sun and active region show frequency peaks of order 3.6 mHz, 5.5 mHz and 7.3 mHz at four separate heights. The fluctuations of power* are random for the three datasets, i.e., independent from height and solar activity. The wavelet results for quiet Sun, active Sun and active region indicate dominant frequencies similar to FFT results. Results of coherency represent frequencies at about 3.5 mHz and 5.5 mHz for all three datasets. Histograms of frequencies corresponding to maximum coherency for quiet Sun, active region and active sun display frequencies of about 3.5 mHz, 4.2 mHz, 4.6 mHz, 5.3 mHz and 5.8 mHz. The phase speeds of 50-450 kms^{-1} are measured for quiet Sun, 50-560 km ^{-1} for active region and 50-550 km s^{-1} for active Sun. The majority of the measured phase speeds in locations where there is known to be considerable dynamic activity are more than quiet Sun, and the phase speeds obtained from three datasets increase with height. We also find strong evidence for upwardly propagating waves with high coherency in three datasets. Intensity oscillations may result from the presence of the coherent waves, which could provide significant energy to heat the solar atmosphere. Finally, We can calculate the energy and the mass transported by spicules providing energy equilibrium, according to density values of spicules at different heights. To extend this work, we can also consider coherent oscillations at different latitudes and suggest the study of oscillations, which may be obtained from observations of other satellites.

17 illus, 2 tables, 31 ref

Stathopoulos D;Danezis E;Lyratzi E;Antoniou A;Tzimeas D

**020376** Stathopoulos D;Danezis E;Lyratzi E;Antoniou A;Tzimeas D (Astrophysics, Astronomy and Mechanics Dep, Faculty of Physics, Univ of Athens, Panepistimioupoli, Zographou-157 84, Athens, Greece, Email: dstatho@phys.uoa.gr) : **Multicomponent analysis of the UV Si IV and C IV broad absorption troughs in BALQSO spectra: The examples of J01225+1339 and J02287+0002.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 495-511.

Broad Absorption Line QSOs (BALQSOs) are a subtype of radio-quite QSOs that exhibit complex and unusually broad (FWHM ≥ 2,000 km/s) absorption lines. The existence of these lines in BALQSO spectra raises some questions with respect to the properties, the physical conditions and kinematics of the BAL material as well as the morphology of BAL troughs. In this study, taking into consideration the clumpy structure of the AGN outflow winds, we propose a physical model in order to explain the formation of BAL troughs and we give the mathematical description of this model. We also propose a method for analyzing spec-troscopically the BAL profiles in the UV region of the electromagnetic spectrum. This method consists of the criteria we set during the fitting process of BAL troughs. The purpose of these criteria is to enable us to determine the exact number of components needed to simulate accurately the BAL troughs and guarantee the uniqueness of the fit. We give an application of the model and the method for Si IV and C IV resonance lines in the case of two BALQSOs. From the analysis, we conclude that the BAL material is in the form of clouds (density enhancements) that move radially and intercept the line-of-sight to the central continuum source. Using our method, we find the number of absorption components needed to simulate the BAL profiles, which means the number of clouds in the line-of-sight. We calculate the velocity shifts, the FWHM and the optical depths of the absorption components of BALs and we propose an internal structure for these clouds. Finally, we give some correlations between the properties of absorption components of Si IV and C IV.

6 illus, 1 table, 56 ref

Smailagic M;Bon E

**020375** Smailagic M;Bon E (Astronomical Observatory of Belgrade, Volgina 7, 11060 Belgrade, Serbia, Email: marijana@aob.rs) : **Line shapes emitted from spiral structures around symmetric orbits of supermassive binary black holes.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 513-27.

Variability of active galactic nuclei is not well understood. One possible explanation is existence of supermassive binary black holes (SMBBH) in their centres. It is expected that major mergers are common in the Universe. It is expected that each supermassive black hole of every galaxy eventually finish as a SMBBH system in the core of newly formed galaxy. Here we model the emission line profiles of active galactic nuclei (AGN) assuming that the flux and emission line shape variations are induced by supermassive binary black hole systems (SMBBH). We assume that the accreting gas inside the circumbinary (CB) disk is photo ionized by mini accretion disk emission around each SMBBH. We calculate variations of emission line flux, shifts and shapes for different parameters of SMBBH orbits. We consider cases with different masses and inclinations for circular orbits and measure the effect to the shape of emission line profiles and flux variability.

^iia8 illus, 1 tables, 76 ref

Singh J;Amuda T O

**020374** Singh J;Amuda T O (Mathematics Dep, Faculty of Science, Ahmadu Bello Univ, P.M.B. 2222K Sokoto Road, Samaru, Zaria-Nigeria, Email: teejaymath@gmail.com) : **Out-of-Plane equilibrium poins in the photogravitational CR3BP with oblateness and P-R Drag.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(2), 291-305.

This paper investigates the motion of a test particle around the out-of-plane equilibrium points in the circular photogravitational restricted three-body problem when the effect of radiation pressure from the smaller primary and its Poynting-Robertson (P-R) drag are taken into account, and the bigger primary is modeled as an oblate spheroid. These points lie in the xz-plane almost directly above and below the center of the oblate primary. The equilibrium points are sought, and we observe that, there are two coordinate points L_{6,7} which depend on the oblateness of the bigger primary, and the radiation pressure force and P-R drag of the smaller primary. The positions and linear stability of the problem are investigated both analytically and numerically for the binary system Cen X-4. The out-of-plane equilibrium points are found to be unstable in the sense of Lyapunov due to the presence of a positive real root.

4 illus, 6 tables, 59 ref

Simonia I;Nabiyev S

**020373** Simonia I;Nabiyev S (NO, Ilia State Univ, Cholokashivili Str.3/5, Tbilisi 0162, Georgia) : **Nano-metric dust particles as a hardly detectable component of the interplanetary dust cloud.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(3), 409-19.

The present work introduces the hypothesis of existence of a hardly detectable component of the interplanetary dust cloud and demonstrates that such a component is a dust formation consisting of the dust particles of nano-metric dimensions. This work describes the main physical properties of such a kind of nano-dust, and its possible chemical and mineralogical peculiarities proposes new explanations related to reddening of the dynamically cold transneptunian objects on account of scattering their light by nano-dust of the hardly detectable component of the interplanetary dust cloud. We propose the relation for the coefficient of absorption by the nano-dust and provide results of the statistical analysis of the TNO color index-orbital inclinations. We also present a critical assessment of the proposed hypothesis.

1 illus, 25 ref

Rosato J;Bufferand H;Capes H;Koubiti M; GodbertMouret L;Marandet Y;Stamm R

**020372** Rosato J;Bufferand H;Capes H;Koubiti M; GodbertMouret L;Marandet Y;Stamm R (AixMarseille Univ, CNRS, PIIM UMR 7345, F-13397 Marseille Cedex 20, France, Email: joel.rosato@univ-amu.fr) : **Modeling of stark-zeemean lines in magnetized hydrogen plasmas.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 581-8.

The action of electric and magnetic fields on atomic species results in a perturbation of the energy level structure, which alters the shape of spectral lines. In this work, we present the Zeeman-Stark line shape simulation method and perform new calculations of hydrogen Lyman and Balmer lines, in the framework of magnetic fusion research. The role of the Zeeman effect, fine structure and the plasma's non-homogeneity along the line-of-sight are investigated. Under specific conditions, our results are applicable to DA white dwarf atmospheres.

7 illus, 16 ref

Pucha R;Hiremath K M;Gurumath S R

**020371** Pucha R;Hiremath K M;Gurumath S R (Integrated Science Education and Research Centre (ISERC), Visva-Bharati Univ, Santiniketan-731 235, Email: shashankgurumath@yahoo.in ) : **Development of a code to analyze the solar white-light images from the Kodaikanal observatory: Detection of sunspots, computation of heliographic coordinates and area.** J Astrophys Astr 2016, 37(1), 1-20.

Sunspots are the most conspicuous aspects of the Sun. They have a lower temperature, as compared to the surrounding photosphere; hence, sunspots appear as dark regions on a brighter background. Sunspots cyclically appear and disappear with a 11 -year periodicity and are associated with a strong magnetic field (^{3} G) structure. Sunspots consist of a dark umbra, surrounded by a lighter penumbra. Study of umbra-penumbra area ratio can be used to give a rough idea as to how the convective energy of the Sun is transported from the interior, as the sunspot's thermal structure is related to this convective medium. An algorithm to extract sunspots from the white-light solar images* obtained from the Kodaikanal Observatory is proposed. This algorithm computes the radius and center of the solar disk uniquely and removes the limb darkening from the image. It also separates the umbra and computes the position as well as the area of the sunspots. The estimated results are compared with the Debrecen photoheliographic results. It is shown that both area and position measurements are in quite good agreement.

10 illus, 2 tables, 33 ref

Peach G

**020370** Peach G (Physics and Astronomy Dep, Univ College London, Gower Street, London WCIE 6BT, UK, Email: g.peach@ucl.ac.uk) : **Radio recombination lines of hydrogen.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 555-63.

The impact theory of spectral line broadening is used to obtain complete profiles for radio recombination lines perturbed by electron and proton impact. The collisions can be divided into two types: inelastic, where transitions take place between hydrogen levels with different principal quantum number n and elastic, where the transitions are only between degenerate levels for a particular value of n. The widths of the radio lines are essentially determined by inelastic electron collisions and elastic proton collisions with the emitting hydrogen atom occupying either the upper or lower levels of the line. Here, earlier work is extended to examine the contribution from proton collisions to the line width in more detail, and it is shown that the trends in the behaviour of the widths again confirm previous results.

5 tables, 21 ref

Pant N;Ahmad M;Pradhan N

**020369** Pant N;Ahmad M;Pradhan N (Mathematics Dep, National Defence Academy, Khadakwasla, Pune 411 023, Email: neeraj.pant@yahoo.com) : **Einstein-Maxwell field equation in isotropic coordinates: An application to modeling superdense star.** J Astrophys Astr 2016, 37(1), 1-11.

We present a charged analogue of Pant et al. (2010, Astro-phys. Space ScL., 330, 353) solution of the general relativistic field equations in isotropic coordinates by using simple form of electric intensity E that involve charge parameter K. Our solution is well behaved in all respects for all values of X lying in the range 0 < X <0.11, K lying in the range 4 ^{14} g cm^{-3} the mass and radius are found to be 1.509M0, 10.906 km respectively which match with the observed values of mass 1.51M0 and radius 10.90 km of the quark star XTE J1739-217. The well behavecl class of relativistic stellar models obtained in this work might have astrophysical significance in the study of more realistic internal structures of compact stars.

1 illus, 2 tables, 53 ref

Mura G L;Chiaro G;Ciroi S;Rafanelli P; Salvetti D;Berton M;Cracco V

**020368** Mura G L;Chiaro G;Ciroi S;Rafanelli P; Salvetti D;Berton M;Cracco V (Dipertimento di Fisica e Astronomia G. Galilei, Univ degli Studi di Padova, Vicolo dell'Psservatorio 3, 35122 Padova, Italy, Email: giovanni.lamura@unipd.it) : **Optical couterparts of undertermined type γ-Ray active galactic nuclei with blazar-like spectral energy distributions.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 447-55.

During its first four years of scientific observations, the Fermi Large Area Telescope (Fermi-LAT) detected 3033 γ-ray sources above a 4t7 significance level. Although most of the extra-galactic sources arc active galactic nuclei (AGN) of the blazar class, other families of AGNs are observed too, while a still high fraction of detections (

^iia2 illus, 2 tables, 15 ref

McLaughlin J A

**020367** McLaughlin J A (Mathematics and Information Sciences Dep, Northumbria Univ, Newcastle-upon-Type, NE1 8ST, United Kingdom, Email: james.a.mclaughlin@northumbria.ac.uk) : **Behaviour of magnetoacoustic waves in the neighbourhood of a two-dimensional null point: Initially cylindrically symmetric perturbation.** J Astrophys Astr 2016, 37(1), 1-27.

The propagation of magnetoacoustic waves in the neighbourhood of a 2D null point is investigated for both β ≠ 0 and β ≠ 0 plasmas. Previous work has shown that the Alfven speed, here uA α r, plays a vital role in such systems and so a natural choice is to switch to polar coordinates. For β = 0 plasma, we derive an analytical solution for the behaviour of the fast magnetoacoustic wave in terms of the Klein-Gordon equation. We also solve the system with a semi-analytical WKB approximation which shows that the β = 0 wave focuses on the null and contracts around it but, due to exponential decay, never reaches the null in a finite time. For the β ≠ 0 plasma, we solve the system numerically and find the behaviour to be similar to that of the β = 0 system at large radii, but completely different close to the null. We show that for an initially cylindrically-symmetric fast magnetoacoustic wave perturbation, there is a decrease in wave speed along the separatrices and so the perturbation starts to take on a quasi-diamond shape; with the corners located along the separatrices. This is due to the growth in pressure gradients that reach a maximum along the separatrices, which in turn reduces the acceleration of the fast wave along the separatrices leading to a deformation of the wave morphology.

10 illus, 53 ref

Martinez Aldama M L;Mariziani P;Dultzin D; Sulentic J W;Bressan A;Chen Y;Stirpe G M

**020366** Martinez Aldama M L;Mariziani P;Dultzin D; Sulentic J W;Bressan A;Chen Y;Stirpe G M (Instituto de Astronomia, Univ Nacional Autonoma de Mexico, Aptodo, Postal 70-264, Mexico, D.F. 04510, Mexico, Email: maldama@astro.unam.mx) : **Observations of th Ca II IR triplet in high luminosity quasars: Exploring the sample.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 457-65.

Authors present a new spectroscopic sample of 11 quasars at intermediate redshift observed with the Infrared Spectrometer and Array Camera (ISAAC) on the ESO Very Large Telescope (VLT), covering O I A8446 and the Ca 11 triplet 8498, 8542, 8662. The new observations - that supplement the sample presented by Martinez-Aldama et al. (2015) -allow us to confirm the constraints on physical conditions and location of the region emitting the low ionization lines, as well as the relation between Ca II and Fe II.

^iia4 illus, 1 table, 30 ref

Majlinger Z;Simic Z;Dimitrijevic M S

**020365** Majlinger Z;Simic Z;Dimitrijevic M S (Faculty of Humanities and Sociakl Sciences, Univ of Rijeka, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia) : **On the stark broadening of Lu III spectral lines.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 671-9.

The electron-impact widths for 27 Lu III spectral lines have been calculated by using the modified semiempirical method. Calculations have been also performed with the published relativistic Hartree-Fock oscillator strengths and additionally, with the approximate formula of Cowley. With the obtained results, the influence of Stark broadening on Lu III lines was investigated in the spectra of A-type stars. The obtained data will be included in the STARK-B database, which is part of the Virtual Atomic and Molecular Data Center - VAMDC.

2 illus, 1 table, 18 ref

Kovacevic A;Popovic L C;Shapovalova A I;Ilic D;Burenkov A N;Chavushyan V H

**020364** Kovacevic A;Popovic L C;Shapovalova A I;Ilic D;Burenkov A N;Chavushyan V H (Astronomy Dep, Faculty of Mathematics, Univ of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia, Email: andjelkla@matf.bg.ac.rs) : **Time delay evolution of five active galactic nuclei.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 475-93.

Here is to investigate light curves of the continuum and emission lines of five type 1 active galactic nuclei (AGN) from our monitoring campaign, to test time-evolution of their time delays. Using both modeled and observed AGN light curves, we apply Gaussian kernel-based estimator to capture variation of local patterns of their time evolving delays. The largest variations of time delays of all objects occur in the period when continuum or emission lines luminosity is the highest. However, Gaussian kernel-based method shows instability in the case of NGC 5548, 3C 390.3, E1821+643 and NGC 4051 possibly due to numerical discrepancies between damped random walk (DRW) time scale of light curves and sliding time windows of the method. The temporal variations of time lags of Arp 102B can correspond to the real nature of the time lag evolution.

7 illus, 4 tables, 39 ref

Kolarski A;Grubor D

**020363** Kolarski A;Grubor D (Institute for Geophysics, Batajnicki drum 8, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia, Email: aleksandrakolarski@gmail.com) : **Comparative analysis of VLF signal variation along trajectory induced by X-ray solar flares.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 565-79.

Comparative qualitative analysis of amplitude and phase delay variations was carried out along the trajectory of GQD/22.1 kHz and NAA/24.0 kHz VLF signal traces, propagating from Skelton (UK) and Maine (USA) toward Belgrade, induced by four isolated solar X-ray flare events occurred during the period from September 2005 to December 2006. For monitoring, recording and for storage of VLF data at the Institute of Physics in Belgrade, Serbia, the AbsPAL system was used. For modeling purposes of propagating conditions along GQD and NAA signal propagation paths, LWPCv21 program code was used. Occurred solar flare events induced lower ionosphere electron density height profile changes, causing perturbations in VLF wave propagation within Earth-ionosphere waveguides. As analyzed VLF signals characterize by different propagation parameters along trajectories from their transmitters to the Belgrade receiver site, their propagation is affected in different ways for different solar flare events and also for the same solar flare events.

13 illus, 1 table, 31 ref

Ilic D;Popovic L C;Shapovalova A I;Burenkov A N;Chavushyan V H;Kovacevic A

**020362** Ilic D;Popovic L C;Shapovalova A I;Burenkov A N;Chavushyan V H;Kovacevic A (Astronomy Dep, Faculty of Mathematics, Univ of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia, Email: dilic@matf.bf.ac.rs) : **Line shape variability in a sample of AGN with broad lines.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 435-45.

The spectral variability of active galactic nuclei (AGN) is one of the key features that enables us to study in more detail, the structure of AGN emitting regions. Especially, the broad line profiles that vary both in flux and shape, give us invaluable information about the kinematics and geometry of the broad line region (BLR) where these lines are originating from. We give here a comparative review of the line shape variability in a sample of five type 1 AGNs, those with broad emission lines in their spectra, of the data obtained from the international long-term optical monitoring campaign coordinated by the Special Astrophysical Observatory of the Russian Academy of Science. The main aim of this campaign is to study the physics and kinematics of the BLR on a uniform data set, focusing on the problems of the photoionization heating of the BLR and its geometry, where, in this paper, we give for a first time, a comparative analysis of the variabilty of five type 1 AGNs, discussing their complex BLR physics and geometry in the framework of the estimates of the supermassive black hole mass in AGN.

^iia6 illus, 2 tables, 38 ref

Hill T P;Fox R F

**020361** Hill T P;Fox R F (School of Mathematics, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332, USA) : **Hubble's law implies benford's law for distances to galaxies.** J Astrophys Astr 2016, 37(1), 1-8.

A recent article by Alexopoulos and Leontsinis presented empirical evidence that the first digits of the distances from the Earth to galaxies are a reasonably good fit to the probabilities predicted by Benford's law, the well known logarithmic statistical distribution of significant digits. The purpose of the present article is to give a theoretical explanation, based on Hubble's law and mathematical properties of Ben-ford's law, why galaxy distances might be expected to follow Benford's law. The new galaxy-distance law derived here, which is robust with respect to change of scale and base, to additive and multiplicative computational or observational errors, and to variability of the Hubble constant in both time and space, predicts that conformity to Benford's law will improve as more data on distances to galaxies becomes available. Conversely, with the logical derivation of this law presented here, the recent empirical observations may beviewed as independent evidence of the* validity of Hubble's law.

1 illus, 12 ref

Hegde M;Hiremath K M;Doddamani V H;Gurumath S R

**020360** Hegde M;Hiremath K M;Doddamani V H;Gurumath S R (NO, Indian Institute of Astrophysics, Bengaluru-560 034) : **Solar wind associated with near equatorial coronal hole.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(3), 355-74.

Present study probes temporal changes in the area and radiative flux of near equatorial coronal hole associated with solar wind parameters such as wind speed, density, magnetic field and temperature. Using high temporal resolution data from SDO/AIA for the two wavelengths 193 angstrum and 211 angstrum, area and radiative flux of coronal holes are extracted and are examined for the association with high speed solar wind parameters. We find a strong association between different parameters of coronal hole and solar wind. For both the wavelength bands, we also compute coronal hole radiative energy near the earth and it is found to be of similar order as that of solar wind energy. However, for the wavelength 193 A, owing to almost similar magnitudes of energy emitted by coronal hole and energy due to solar wind, it is conjectured that solar wind might have originated around the same height where 193 angstrum line is formed in the corona.

14 illus, 10 tables, 41 ref

Guo D F;Li K;Hu S M;Jiang Y G;Gao D Y;Chen X

**020359** Guo D F;Li K;Hu S M;Jiang Y G;Gao D Y;Chen X (Shandong Provincial Key Lab of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial, Institute of Space Sciences, Shandong Univ, Weihai-264 209, China, Email: likai@ynao.ac.cn) : **Discovery of a faint eclipsing binary GSC 02265-01456.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(3), 399-407.

When observing the transiting extrasolar planets, we found a new eclipsing binary named GSC 02265-01456. The V and R_{c} observations were carried out for this binary. The photometric light curves of the two bands were simultaneously analyzed using the W-D code. The solutions show that GSC 02265-01456 is an extremely low mass ratio (q - 0.087) overcontact binary system with a contact degree of f = 82.5%. The difference between the two maxima of the light curve can be explained by a dark spot on the primary component.

6 illus, 3 tables, 25 ref

Grzedzielski M;Sukova P;Janiuk A

**020358** Grzedzielski M;Sukova P;Janiuk A (Center for Theoretical Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Al. Lotnikow 32/46 02-668 Warsaw, Poland, Email: mikolaj.grzedzielski@gmail.com) : **Deterministic chaos in the X-ray sources.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(4), 529-37.

Hardly any of the observed black hole accretion disks in X-ray binaries and active galaxies shows constant flux. When the local stochastic variations of the disk occur at specific regions where a resonant behaviour takes place, there appear the quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs). If the global structure of the flow and its non-linear hydrodynamics affects the fluctuations, the variability is chaotic in the sense of deterministic chaos. Our aim is to solve a problem of the stochastic versus deterministic nature of the black hole binary variabilities. We use both observational and analytic methods. We use the recurrence analysis and we study the occurence of long diagonal lines in the recurrence plot of observed data series and compare it to the surrogate series. We analyze here the data of two X-ray binaries - XTE J1550-564 and GX 339-4 observed by Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. In these sources, the non-linear variability is expected because of the global conditions (such as the mean accretion rate) leading to the possible instability of an accretion disk. The thermal-viscous instability and fluctuations around the fixed-point solution occurs at high accretion rate, when the radiation pressure gives dominant contribution to the stress tensor.

^iia6 illus, 19 ref

FerrichaAlami M;Safsafi A;Lahlou L;Chakir H; Bennai M

**020357** FerrichaAlami M;Safsafi A;Lahlou L;Chakir H; Bennai M (Lab de Physique de la Matiere Condensee (URACIO), Equipe Physique Quantique et Applications, Faculte des Sciences Ben M'sik, Univ Hassan II, B.P.7955, Casablanca, Maroc, Email: mdbennai@yahoo.fr) : **Tree level potential on brane after planck and BICEP2.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(2), 269-80.

The recent detection of degree scale B-mode polarization in the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) by the BICEP2 experiment implies that the inflationary ratio of tensor-to-scalar fluctuations is r = 0.2_{-0.05}^{+0.07}, which has opened a new window in the cosmological investigation. In this regard, we propose a study of the tree level potential inflation in the framework of the Randall-Sundrum type-2 braneworld model. We focus on three branches of the potential, where we evaluate some values of brane tension A. We discuss how the various inflationary perturbation parameters can be compatible with recent Planck and BICEP2 observations.

4 illus, 2 tables, 28 ref

Du L M;Bai J M;Xie Z H;Yi T F;Xu Y B;Xue R; Wang X H

**020356** Du L M;Bai J M;Xie Z H;Yi T F;Xu Y B;Xue R; Wang X H (Physics Dep, School of Physics and Electronic Information, Yunnan Normal Univ, Kunming 650 092, People's Republic of China, Email: Leiming_du@ynao.ac.cn) : **Scale invarient synchrotron jet of flat spectrum radio quasars.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(2), 281-90.

In this paper, the scale invariance of the synchrotron jet of Flat Spectrum Radio Quasars has been studied using a sample of combined sources from FKM04 and from SDSS DR3 catalogue. Since the research of scale invariance has been focused on sub-Eddington cases that can be fitted onto the fundamental plane, while near-Eddington sources such as FSRQs have not been explicitly studied. The extracted physical properties of synchrotron jet of FSRQs have been shown to be scale invariant using our sample. The results are in good agreement with theoretical expectations of Heinz & Sunyaev (2003). Therefore, the jet synchrotron is shown to be scale independent, regardless of the accretion modes. Results in this article thus lend support to the scale invariant model of the jet synchrotron throughout the mass scale of black hole systems.

1 illus, 1 table, 36 ref

Ding G Q;Huang C P

**020355** Ding G Q;Huang C P (Xingiang Astronomical Observatory, CAS, 150 Science 1-Street, Urumqi-830 011, China, Email: dinggq@xa.ac.cn) : **Hard X-ray emission along the Z tracks in GX 17+2.** J Astrophys Astr 2015, 36(3), 335-53.

Using the data from the Proportional Counter Array (PCA) and the High-Energy X-ray Timing Experiment (HEXTE) on board Rossi X-Ray Timing Explorer for Z source GX 17+2, we investigate the evolution of its PCA spectra and HEXTE spectra along a 'Z' track on its hardness-intensity diagram. A hard X-ray tail is detected in the HEXTE spectra. The detected hard X-ray tails are discontinuously scattered throughout the Z track. The found hard X-ray tail hardens from the horizontal branch, through the normal branch, to the flaring branch in principle and it contributes

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