026266 KUMAR A, KUMAR A, NARAYANAN P, HOODA R S (Haryana Space Applications Centre, Panchkula, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org) : Geospatial approach for groundwater resource study in Panchkula district, Haryana. J Env Bio-Sci 2018, 32(1), 87-92.
Of various groundwater exploration techniques, remote sensing satellite data, geographical information system (GIS) and global positioning system (GPS) are highly suitable for searching new groundwater potential sites, planning, development and management of groundwater on need basis in different types of terrain. The Panchkula district, the study area, is situated in the northern part of Haryana State between the geo-coordinates 30026' N to 300 55' N latitudes and 76046' E to 77010' E longitudes. The total geographical area of the district is 898 sq. km. In the present study, groundwater resource of the district has been studied with the help of IRSP6 LISS-III (2006) satellite data, GIS and ground surveys. Various thematic maps like geology, structure, geomorphology, drainage have been prepared and integrated for groundwater prospects mapping. Field visists have been done to check the interpreted features. The post-field corrections have been done in pre-field maps and finalized all the maps. The study shows that in the district four major groundwater prospects units i.e. older alluvial plain, piedmont/fan surface, flood plain and structural hills are present. The availability of groundwater is good to very good in older alluvial plain which covers 303.53 sq.km (33.80 %) area; moderate to good in piedmont/fan surface which covers 8.6 sq.km (0.96 %) area; very good to excellent in flood plain which covers 43.51 sq.km (4.85 %) area and poor in structural hills which covers 542.36 sq.km (60.39 %) area. The groundwater development i.e. exploitation options are high in older alluvial plain and flood plain, moderate in piedmont/fan surface and low in structural hills. In the district, 347.04 sq.km area is suitable for high groundwater development, 8.60 sq.km area for moderate and 542.36 sq. km area for low groundwater development. In the district, village ponds and small check dams/earthen dams at suitable sites are highly suitable options for groundwater management. In the district, by de-silting of 36 village ponds, 324895.99 m3 volume of water can be harvested. The findings of the study are highly useful for the district in terms of planning, development and management of groundwater to fulfill the increasing demand of water.
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