002208 Bangar K S;Tiwari S C;Verma S K;Khandkar U R (All India Coordinated Research Project on Management of Salt Affected, College of Agriculture, Indore-452 001, Email: email@example.com) : Quality of ground water used for irrigation in Ujjain district of Madhya Pradesh, India. J envir Sci Engng 2008, 50(3), 179-86.
The ground water samples collected from different tehsils of Ujjain district were analysed in the laboratory for electrical conductivity (EC), pH, cations (Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+) and anions (CO32-, HCO3-, Cl- and SO42-). The water samples were categorized as per criterion developed by Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana, India. Out of 712 samples, 105, 144, 150, 84, 68, 111 and 50 samples belong to Ujjain, Mahidpur, Khachrod, Tarana, Barnagar, Nagda and Ghatia tehsils of the district respectively. 80% samples indicated good water quality at the district as a whole, whereas 14 % were found saline (marginally saline (B1) - 9%, saline (B2) - 4%, high SAR saline (B3) -1%) and 6 % as alkali (marginally alkali (C1) - 5%, and alkali (C2) -1%) categories. In general, these waters were of Ca-Na-Mg type with the dominance of Cl followed by HCO3 and CO3 in case of good quality waters. The poor water quality belonged to categories of B1, B2, B3, C1 and C2, which were either having accumulation of salts (high EC) or high sodium adsorption ratio (SAR) and residual sodium carbonate (RSC). High significant negative correlation coefficient between pH and SO4 was observed. The sodium (Na+) content showed significant positive correlation coefficient with EC. Similarly, HCC3- showed a significant positive correlation with RSC content. The ground water quality map of the district was generated using ERD AS-IMAGINE 8.7 Software showing different categories.
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