044318 MOUNICA D, RAO M S , KRISHNAYYA P V, PATIBANDA A K, RAO V S (Entomology Dep, Agricultural Coll, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, Email: email@example.com) : Effect of elevated CO2 and temperature on thermal constants and lower threshold temperatures of maize aphid, Rhopalosiphum maidis (Fitch.) (Aphididae:Hemiptera) on maize, Zea mays (Linn.). J Agrometeorol 2020, 22(2), 116-23.
The objective of this study was to examine the development of corn leaf aphid,Rhopalosiphum maidis Fitch (Aphididae: Hemiptera) on maize Zea mays Linnaeus at elevated and ambient concentrations of CO2 (550 and 380ppm ± 25 ppm, respectively) at six temperatures (20, 25, 27, 30, 33 and 35 °C) and to estimate thermal constants and lower temperature thresholds for the forecasting models based on heat accumulation units which could be developed for use in forecasting. The duration of different growth stages of R.maidis were reduced with an increase of temperature from 20 °C to 35 °C under both ambient and elevated CO2 conditions. The lower development threshold for first nymphal instar,second nymphal instar, third nymphal instar, fourth nymphal instar, adult duration and total development period required 10.1, 5.04, 13.42, 26.96, 10.9, 23.22 and 20.20 °C under eCO2 whereas it was 13.32, 9.41, 19.13, 30.48, 16.38, 22.88 and 20.89 °C under aCO2 conditions,respectively. The mean lower temperature threshold for nymph was slightly higher (16.38 °C) at aCO2 compared to that of eCO2 (10.90 °C) whereas for adult the mean lower temperature threshold was slightly higher (23.22 °C) at eCO2 compared to that of aCO2 (22.88 °C). The thermal requirement of R. maidis from first nymphal instar to adult (total development period) was found to be 100.00 degree days (DD) under eCO2 conditions as against 111.11degree days under aCO2 conditions. These estimated temperature thresholds and thermal constant can predict the pest scenarios and population dynamics of R. maidis.
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